DB Wood Team
24th November, 2023
Blog, DB News
Everything you need to know about the 2023 Autumn Statement
On Wednesday chancellor Jeremy Hunt delivered the Autumn Statement, setting the scene by saying the UK economy had performed better than previously expected, giving them room to cut taxes and raise benefits in search of delivering growth.
Ahead of his speech, Hunt faced pressure to reduce the tax burden on both households and businesses. Although interest rates look to have peaked, and inflation is well on its way down, there is still a significant possibility of a recession next year. Any fiscal support measures reduce the chance of that, so the pressure for a more supportive statement was clear.
Anyway, let’s get into it – here are the key points of the Autumn Statement and what they might mean for you.
National Insurance cut for employees and self-employed workers
After increasing National Insurance levels to record highs in recent years, the chancellor cut National Insurance (NI) benefiting 29 million working people.
The main rate of employee NI will be reduced by two percentage points from 12% to 10% from 6 January 2024. The new rate will save the average employee earning £35,400 a year just a shade over £450pa.
In addition, Class 2 National Insurance contributions (NICs), which are mandatory for self-employed workers earning more than £12,570 a year, will be abolished from April 2024. It’s estimated this will save the average self-employed person £192pa. The good news for self-employed workers is they’ll retain access to contributory benefits, including the State Pension.
In 2024/25, Class 4 NICs paid by self-employed workers on earnings between £12,570 and £50,270 will fall from 9% to 8%.
Combined, these two changes will result in an average self-employed person earning £28,200 saving £350 a year from 2024/25.
The State Pension “triple lock” will remain in place
After weeks of uncertainty, Hunt confirmed during the Autumn Statement that the State Pension “triple lock” will be honoured.
Under the “triple lock”, the State Pension increases each year by the higher of:
- inflation, as measured by the Consumer Prices Index (CPI) in September (of the previous year),
- the average increase in wages across the UK from May to July (of the previous year); or
….and the result is…..Wage growth of 8.5% which means someone on the full new State Pension will receive more than £900 a year extra in 2024/25.
Similarly, Pension Credit will also rise by 8.5% in April 2024.
Abolition of pension Lifetime Allowance confirmed.
While the chancellor didn’t make any new announcements related to pension allowances during the Autumn Statement, he did confirm that the previously reported abolition of the pension Lifetime Allowance will take effect from 6 April 2024.
Hunt also announced plans to consult on a pension “pot for life”. Under the plans, pension savers would have the legal right to choose the scheme their employer pays pension contributions to. This move could help workers manage retirement savings and reduce the number of people with multiple small pensions.
ISA holders will benefit from more flexibility
The annual subscription limits for ISAs (£20,000), Junior ISAs (£9,000), Child Trust Funds (£9,000), and Lifetime ISAs (£4,000, excluding government bonus) will remain the same in 2024/25.
However, changes could provide savers and investors with more flexibility.
First, ISA holders will be able to deposit money into multiple ISAs of the same type each tax year from April 2024. They will also be able to partially transfer money between providers.
Second, investors with an Innovative Finance ISA will be able to invest their money in a greater range of assets, including long-term asset funds and open-ended property funds with extended notice periods.
National living wage
Hunt announced the largest increase to the UK’s national living wage. It will rise by 9.8% to £11.44 an hour. In addition, the new rate, which comes into force in April 2024, will be expanded to include 21- and 22-year-olds for the first time.
It’s estimated the increase will benefit almost 2.7 million people, with full-time workers earning the national living wage receiving a boost of more than £1,800 a year to their income.
In line with September 2023 inflation figures, Hunt announced an increase in benefits of 6.7%. He also added an increase to the Local Housing Allowance, providing 1.6 million households with an average of £800 of support next year.
A shake-up of the benefits system was also unveiled. Benefit claimants who fail to find work for more than 18 months will have to complete a work experience placement. Long-term unemployed who are deemed to be not adequately looking for jobs will also face stricter penalties.
Business rates discount to continue for another year
The 75% business rates discount for retail, hospitality and leisure firms has been extended for another year in a welcome boost for high street shops, pubs, and more.
The multiplier for small business premises is also frozen.
Freeze on alcohol duty
In further positive news for pubs, the chancellor announced a freeze on all alcohol duty until 1 August 2024.
Businesses will continue to benefit from full expensing. It allows firms to offset spending on plant and machinery against profits.
The measure was previously set to expire in March 2026 but has been made permanent.
Enterprise Investment Scheme and Venture Capital Trusts
To support early-stage, innovative companies, both the Enterprise Investment Scheme and Venture Capital Trusts, which provide a tax break to investors, have been extended to 2035.
There is no doubt there was a shift in sentiment in this statement, away from the fiscal discipline required to get inflation down to more supportive tax measures to try and promote growth. However, although the tax cuts are meaningful for a lot of people, it has been estimated that the freezing of the tax bands alone, which has remained in place, has 4 times the annual impact of the national insurance cuts. For the UK economy then, it is a welcome change but not one that is likely to make a significant impact. Markets have viewed the move as inflationary, in that the consumer will benefit, and this might help keep interest rates higher for longer. This is true, though we expect the impact will be very muted and short term.
As always, if you’d like more information on any of the changes, or want to talk about how they affect you, feel free to get in touch with our team.